Leitura Para o Fim de Semana
sexta-feira, setembro 30, 2005
Sunitas versus Xiitas: A Guerra Interminável
Este artigo político do Wall Street Journal explica o que há por trás da luta e do ódio entre sunitas e xiitas no mundo árabe. É coisa de séculos. O terrorista Zarqawi associa os xiitas aos americanos e considera que são traidores do Islã. É a guerra que nunca acabou. Leitura para o fim-de-semana.
Heart of Darkness
From Zarqawi to the man on the street,
Sunni Arabs fear Shiite emancipation.
BY FOUAD AJAMI
The remarkable thing about the terror in Iraq is the silence with which it is greeted in other Arab lands. Grant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi his due: He has been skilled at exposing the pitilessness on the loose in that fabled Arab street and the moral emptiness of so much of official Arab life.
The extremist is never just a man of the fringe: He always works at the outer edges of mainstream life, playing out the hidden yearnings and defects of the dominant culture. Zarqawi is a bigot and a killer, but he did not descend from the sky. He emerged out of the Arab world's sins of omission and commission; in the way he rails against the Shiites (and the Kurds) he expresses that fatal Arab inability to take in "the other." A terrible condition afflicts the Arabs, and Zarqawi puts it on lethal display: an addiction to failure, and a desire to see this American project in Iraq come to a bloody end.
Zarqawi's war, it has to be conceded, is not his alone; he kills and maims, he labels the Shiites rafida (rejecters of Islam), he charges them with treason as "collaborators of the occupiers and the crusaders," but he can be forgiven the sense that he is a holy warrior on behalf of a wider Arab world that has averted its gaze from his crimes, that has given him its silent approval. He and the band of killers arrayed around him must know the meaning of this great Arab silence.